The AK-74 (Russian: Автомат Калашникова образца 1974 года or “Kalashnikov automatic rifle model 1974”) is an assault rifle developed in the early 1970s by Russian designer Mikhail Kalashnikov as the replacement for the earlier AKM (itself a refined version of the AK-47). It uses a smaller 5.45×39mm cartridge, replacing the 7.62×39mm chambering of earlier Kalashnikov-pattern weapons.

The rifle first saw service with Soviet forces engaged in the 1979 Afghanistan conflict. The head of the Afghan bureau of the Pakistani Inter-Services Intelligence claimed that the CIA paid $5,000 for the first AK-74 captured by the mujahadeen during the Soviet–Afghan War.

Presently, the rifle continues to be used by the majority of countries of the former USSR. Additionally, licensed copies were produced in Bulgaria (AK-74, AKS-74 and AKS-74U), the former East Germany (MPi-AK-74N, MPi-AKS-74N, MPi-AKS-74NK) and Romania (Pușcă Automată model 1986). Besides former Soviet republics and eastern European countries, Mongolia, North Korean Special Forces, and Vietnamese People’s Naval infantry use AK-74s.

View Fullscreen
View Fullscreen
Weight AK-74: 3.07 kg (6.8 lb)
AKS-74: 2.97 kg (6.5 lb)
AKS-74U: 2.7 kg (6.0 lb)
AK-74M: 3.4 kg (7.5 lb)[3]
without magazine
30-round magazine: 0.23 kg (0.51 lb)
6H5 bayonet: 0.32 kg (0.71 lb)
Length AK-74: 943 mm (37.1 in)
AKS-74 (stock extended): 943 mm (37.1 in)
AKS-74 (stock folded): 690 mm (27.2 in)
AKS-74U (stock extended): 735 mm (28.9 in)
AKS-74U (stock folded): 490 mm (19.3 in)
AK-74M (stock extended): 943 mm (37.1 in)
AK-74M (stock folded): 700 mm (27.6 in)
Barrel length AK-74, AKS-74, AK-74M: 415 mm (16.3 in)
AKS-74U: 206.5 mm (8.1 in)
Width AK-74M: 70 mm (2.8 in)
Height AK-74M: 195 mm (7.7 in)

Cartridge 5.45×39mm
Action Gas-operated, rotating bolt
Rate of fire Cyclic: 650 (rd/min)
Automatic: 100 (rd/min)
Semi-auto: 40 (rd/min)
Muzzle velocity 880–900 m/s (2,887–2,953 ft/s) (AK-74, AKS-74, AK-74M)

735 m/s (2,411 ft/s) (AKS-74U)

Effective firing range 500 m (550 yd) ((AK-74, AKS-74, AK-74M point target)
800 m (870 yd) ((AK-74, AKS-74, AK-74M area target)
400 m (440 yd) (AKS-74U)
Maximum firing range 3,150 m (3,440 yd)
Feed system 30-round or 45-round RPK-74 detachable box magazine or 60-round casket magazine
Sights Adjustable iron sights, front post and rear notch on a scaled tangent

You must be logged in to post a comment.